Friday, December 8, 2017

The Winterization Process Well Underway at Green Bay Country Club

The weather these past 2 months have been out of ordinary. Pictured above, October’s high temperatures in the beginning of the month have been unseasonably warm; only to have the start of November’s temperatures plummet, cutting the golf season slightly shorter than average. But the most unusual part of the graph is the October high temperatures are lower than the November high temperatures towards the end of both months.

Golf Course Closure
2010                       11/22
2011                       11/29
2012                       11/23
2013                       11/22
2014                       11/9
2015                       11/21                        
2016                       11/22
2017                       11/9

The reason for the golf course closure is the low temperatures reached the teens two nights in a row; which developed an impenetrable frost layer on all playing surfaces. With that being said, the long-range forecast, thereafter, didn’t reach above freezing; only to have deepened the frost layer. Not only is the frozen soil not conducive for playing but also affects the winterization of the golf course. Dependent upon workable weather, the Grounds Department needs approximately 2 weeks to prepare the golf course for winter. Listed below are just some of the tasks needed to complete before the snow and sub-freezing temperatures.

  • Spray dormant fungicide and herbicide 
  • Dormant fertilizer applications 
  • Remove and trim all drains 
  • Remove all course furniture 
  • Blowout irrigation system 
  • Fill ALL Divots 
  • Heavy topdressing all tees and greens for winter protection
Projects that we have completed these past two months:
  • Repaired #18 Beach Bunker

  • Re-seed Bare Areas 
  • Spray & Mow Fescue 
  • Spray & Remove Phragmite 
  • Verticut Fairways 
  • Aerify Fairways 
  • Fertilize Rough 
  • Renovate Entrance & Exit Drive Landscape Beds
Projects that we will be working on over the winter include:
  • Snow removals 
  • Reconditioning all golf course maintenance equipment for the 2018 season 
  • Refurbishing all golf course supplies, including: rakes, ball washers, benches and tee markers
  • Attending regional and national seminars and trade shows 
  • Pruning trees and shrubs on the golf course and club grounds 
  • Re-organizing numerous documents and data records from the 2017 season 
  • Removing dead/dying trees 
  • Removing brush 
  • Repairing/Renovating/Replacing areas around the Clubhouse and Sport Center

Thursday, November 16, 2017

New Pastry Assistant Wows GBCC Members

Have you savored a dessert at Green Bay Country Club recently? Fresh, club-made desserts are served at GBCC thanks to our new Pastry Assistant, Franciane Hencke.

Franci joined GBCC in September on a part-time/as needed basis and is happy to be a part of this team. 

Her path to pastry artisan has been a circuitous one. Prior to working in food service, Franci had a banking career for over a decade. She graduated with high honors from Fox Valley Technical College for Culinary Arts as well as Baking and Pastries. While at Fox Valley Tech, Franci earned silver medals in state and regional cooking competitions sanctioned by the American Culinary Federation. She also competed as a student in a professional pastry category and earned a gold medal.

Franci is certified by the ACF and is currently pursuing the next level of pastry certification in January 2018. Prior to working at GBCC, Franci was the pastry chef at Mahoney's in Oshkosh.

When not working, Franci enjoys spending time with her husband, studying and creating recipes, and traveling.

Saturday, October 28, 2017

Lucas Hana Named Top Ten Instructor

Director of Instruction Lucas Hana was named a top ten instructor in the State of Wisconsin by Golf Digest.  The teachers were ranked by their peers. Congratulations, Lucas!

Thursday, October 26, 2017

Range and Golf Course Notification

Range Tee Closing October 27th 

Typically, the month of October is filled with unpredictable weather. This current October has proven no different; as we have gone from sunny and warm to windy and sub-freezing temperatures seemingly overnight. The future forecast for the week ahead are lows consistently hitting in the low 30s. Temperatures in the 40s and 30s are not conducive for divot recovery and seed germination. Continuing to use the range tee would result in further damage and longer recovery leading into the 2018 season. The tee and range will continue to be open but hitting and practicing will be limited to MATS ONLY until SPRING 2018.

Free Drop Areas

Speaking of prolonged divot recovery, the same amount of time and care is needed for our fairways.  For the remainder of the season, you will notice white circles painted on some fairways.  The white painted areas funnel many golf balls and result in many divots being taken.  If you land inside of a white circle, please move your ball to the outside, without penalty. 

Thursday, October 12, 2017

GBCC Chef Preparing for Certification

By Director of Member Hospitality, Mike Faggio

Chef Robert Rupp has been a member of the of the American Culinary Federation (ACF) since September of 2016. Chef is also a Board Member for the Fox Valley Culinary Association. The Fox Valley Culinary Association is an organization of area chefs and industry professionals who are committed to building relationships, expanding membership and promoting culinary certification and education among its membership in the local community. They generally meet once a month, and every member of the association has an opportunity to host a monthly meeting at their facility.  GBCC will be hosting this year’s formal holiday dinner. These monthly meetings provide opportunities for educational lectures, culinary competitions, formal dinners, tours, and casual social events with students from Fox Valley Technical College.

Chef originally joined the ACF to start preparing for certification. Over the next year he will be preparing for the Certified Executive Chef Exam. Part of this process is documenting all of his work experience, and taking refresher courses in nutrition, food safety, and management. Writing and practicing his menu for the practical exam will also be on the docket. During the practical exam he will be judged on safety, sanitation, organization, and culinary skills.  Along with the practical exam, there is a written exam that covers food, equipment, safety, sanitation, marketing, finances, ethics, professional, and legal issues. We will keep you posted on Chef’s progress in this process!

Wednesday, October 11, 2017

Avery Steen Hits an Ace

Congratulations to GBCC employee Avery Steen! Avery hit a hole-in-one yesterday, October 10th, 2017, on hole #11 from the red tees, 115 Yards. She used a pitching wedge.

Check out hole #11, "Pond," below:

Friday, October 6, 2017

Fall Grounds Projects

Submitted by Golf Superintendent Ben Larsen

Projects completed over the last 2 months include:

#17 Renovation – Maintenance Cart Path

#3 Low Area adjacent to Creek

Greens Aerification
Tee Aerification
Cleaned Range Rock Wall
Repaired #18 Bunker Face
Sodded Weak Collar Areas
Removed Brush
#17 Ravine
#3 Creek
#16 Creek
#10 Pond
#2 Tee/#6 Green
Repaired/Renovated Course Bathrooms
Landscaped Beds

Projects that we will be working on next month:
Re-seed Bare Areas
Spray & Mow Fescue
Spray & Remove Phragmite
Verticut Fairways
Aerify Fairways
Fertilize Rough

Grounds Crew Maintains Quality Fall Playing Conditions

By Golf Superintendent Ben Larsen

For the second half of summer, the average low temperature for the months of August and September have been 56 and 52 degrees; while the average high temperatures have been 75 degrees and 76 degrees. Comparing 2017’s temperature averages with the historical average, the month of August we were 2 degrees below average. The big contrast was in September; we averaged 6 degrees above normal, while setting a record, reaching 90 degrees four days in a row.

The second half of summer precipitation has been a drastically different from the first half of summer. June and July were 2.6” above average, while August and September were 1.36” below average. Not to mention, currently Green Bay is considered abnormally dry.
On a positive note during this drought period, playing conditions have been fast and firm. This was made possible because the Grounds Department was able to control the amount of water applied through the irrigation system and hand-watering. However, through droughty times, the rough will usually get the brunt of the damage. The reason for the dry, dormant rough is much of it is in heavy clay soils, on knolls and receives heavy cart traffic. But a big reason for dry turf during drought times is the competition for water between trees and turf.

What happens this time of year is the amount of rain decreases, so the trees and turf will fight over what little water there is in the soil; and trees will always win. One way the Grounds Department combats this issue is root pruning.

Root pruning is when the tree’s feeder roots are cut, which eliminates the source for the tree to uptake water; resulting in no competition for water in the rough. The end result is healthier rough and minimal to no harm to the tree. According to The Morteum Arborteum, a tree can lose up to 25% of its root system and remain unharmed. Below is an example of how root pruning is effective on #17 greenside.

Notice the distinct line of dry dormant rough and healthy rough.  The line signifies where we root pruned.

Wednesday, October 4, 2017

GBCC Youth Golfers to Compete in WIAA State Tournament

The Fox Valley Lutheran Foxes Golf Team
Elizabeth Santos (Junior) and Emma Santos (Freshman) and their team, the Fox Valley Lutheran Foxes, will be competing at State next week at University Ridge in Madison in Division 2. Elizabeth shot 91 and Emma shot 103 to vault the team into 2nd place at Sectionals at the Broadlands GC near Madison to qualify their team for another trip to State.

Rachael Revolinski (Senior) and her Green Bay Preble Co-op team will also be heading down to State to compete in Division 1 of the State High School Golf Tournament. Rachael shot a 97 and her team will join Bayport from our region at State.

To follow the their play in Madison, go to

Best of luck Rachael, Emma, and Elizabeth!

Tuesday, October 3, 2017

Rising Stars Defeat Savvy Vets in 2017 Captains Cup Tournament

The Rising Stars (blue shirts) defeated the Savvy Veterans (red shirts) 19 1/2 to 16 1/2 in a 2 day Ryder-Cup style event. On Friday, they played Alternate Shot and Four Ball Match Play. The Rising Stars had a commanding 12 1/2 to 5 1/2 point lead going into Saturday. Saturday's matches were 18 holes of Singles Match Play. The Savvy Vets made a comeback that fell just a little short in the end. Congrats to the Rising Stars on winning the 2017 Captain's Cup!

Captains - Savvy Vets
Bill Wenzel and Kramer Rock

Captains - Rising Stars
Mike Haupt and Matt Keesey

Thursday, September 28, 2017


On Wednesday, September 27th, GBCC Member Amy Johnson sunk a hole-in-one on Hole #11! Amy was 120 yards away and she used her four hybrid. Congratulations, Amy!

Check out a flyover of hole #11 below:

Tuesday, September 26, 2017

GBCC Staff Finish Second at WPGA Pro-Assistant Tournament

Our Director of Golf, Tim Bauman, and Assistant, David Spengler, placed second in the WPGA Pro - Assistant Tournament on Monday, September 25th. Congratulations, gentlemen!

Read more below:

Friday, September 22, 2017

GBCC Youth Golfers Excel in State Golf Competition

Max Reis
8th grade at West De Pere Middle School
  • 2017 WPGA Futures Tour Player of the Year
  • Finished 1st or 2nd in 13/17 WPGA Junior Tour events in 2017 season.
  • Competed on PGA Junior League All-Star team that finished 3rd in the State of Wisconsin.
  • Blue Golf Stats
Grace Durkin 
7th Grade at Father Allouez
  • Finished 13th in Futures Tour Girls Player of the Year points.
  • Tied for 1st at Shorewood Futures Tour event on 6/28 with a score of 46
  • 3rd Place at Shamrock Heights Junior Tour event on 7/6 with a score of 92
  • 2nd Place at Thornberry Creek Futures Tour event on 7/25 with a score of 44
  • Competed on PGA Junior League All-Star team that finished 3rd in the State of Wisconsin.
  • Blue Golf Stats
Bryce Lindsley 
Playing Freshman Golf at Milwaukee School of Engineering
  • Finished 28th in Player of the Year points in WPGA Junior Tour
  • Qualified for the 2017 State Amateur Championship
  • 2nd Place finish at 36 hole Player’s Tour event at the GC’s of Lawsonia Scores on July 12th and 13th of 69-75 = 144.
  • Tie 7th Place finish at 36 hole Player’s Tour event at Blackwolf Run GC – Meadow Valleys on July 2nd and 3rd with scores of 74-81 = 155.
  • Blue Golf Stats
  • Raiders Golf Stats
Brett O’Shaughnessy
Playing Freshman Golf at Milwaukee School of Engineering
  • Played high school golf at Bayport High Sscool where team finished 5th in the State Tournament and 29th overall as an individual.
Mason Haupt
6th grade at West De Pere Middle School
  • Finished 55th in Futures Tour Player of the Year points
  • Top 12 in 3 out of 5 events
  • Blue Golf Stats
Chris Mitchell 
8th Grade at Mitchell Academy (Home School)
  • Won Futures Tour event at Thornberry Creek on July 25th with a score of 38 (+2) over par
  • Blue Golf Stats
Grace Durkin, 7th Grade at Father Allouez and
Emma Wolf, 8th Grade at Holy Family
  • Won the Girls 13 & Under Division at Wisconsin PGA Old Hickory Scramble on Friday, July 28th with a score of 80. Their finish was the best in the 13 and under division, best in 14-15 year old division, and 4th 
Drive, Chip, and Putt Championship
On Monday, July 31st, Green Bay Country Club held the Local Qualifier in the National Drive, Chip, and Putt Championship. Over 120 kids from all around Northern Wisconsin and the U.P. of Michigan competed at GBCC. The top three youth golfers from each age group advanced and qualified to the sub-regional competition at University Ridge on August 5th. The following GBCC members advanced by winning or finishing in the top three.
  • Evelyn Cloud - 4th Grade at Notre Dame of De Pere
  • Emma Santos – Freshman at Fox Valley Lutheran High School
  • Faith Flynn – Freshman at NEW Lutheran High School

Drive, Chip, and Putt Results

Wednesday, September 20, 2017

Congratulations Rob Shade!

On September 17, 2017, Rob Shade hit a hole in one on Hole #13 using his four iron, 187 yards from the Blue Tees. Way to go, Rob!

To check out Hole #13, please see our drone video below:

Friday, September 15, 2017

Aerification & Other Cultural Practices

By Golf Superintendent Ben Larsen

Question: “Why are you aerating?  The greens are perfect.”
Answer: “The greens are perfect because we aerate.”

Playing conditions are of the utmost importance, and aeration is needed to keep turf healthy and playing well.  Aerification, verticutting and topdressing can be disruptive, but the long-term benefits far outweigh the short-lived disruption.  These cultural practices allow the greens to putt smoother, drain better and stay firmer.

This Monday, September 18th, the course will be closed for our semi-annual verticutting, topdressing and aerating of the greens.  After the greens are completed and throughout the remainder of the season, we will verticut, topdress and aerify tees; plus, verticut and aerify fairways.

This time of year, it’s all about turf roots and drainage.  Getting oxygen deep into the soil profile through punching holes and adding sand is the best way to promote a healthy and functional root system.  The nonexistence of any major turf issues and great playing conditions on our greens, tees, and fairways this past summer is a tribute to the success of our aerification and verticutting programs.

Pictured below is a broad overview of what aeration, verticutting and topdressing does to the soil profile.

Thursday, September 7, 2017

PGA Junior League All Stars Wrap Up Season

The Green Bay PGA Junior League All-Star team wrapped up their 2017 season with a loss and a win on Saturday, September 4th at University Ridge Golf Course in Madison, Wisconsin in the sub regional Wisconsin Final 4. 

The team lost their first match to the eventual Champions Janesville-Beloit 4-8, but came back with a vengeance defeating the West Milwaukee team 8-4. Max Reis, Triston Behrend, and Grace Durkin represented GBCC well winning 8.5 of the team's 12 total points for the day. Congratulations on a great season to all of our PGA Junior League participants!

The Green Bay All-Star team is made up from players from Thornberry Creek, Oneida Golf &Country Club, and Green Bay Country Club.

Friday, August 25, 2017

Congratulations Jake Schmahl!

Congratulations to Jake Schmahl on his Albatross. Here are the details of his two amazing shots:

August 23rd, 2017
Hole #10
Blue Tees
526 Yards
Driver & 4 Hybrid (255 yards)

Check out Hole #10, otherwise known as "Turnaround," below:

Brice Hits Hole in One!

Tony Brice hit an ace August 23rd, 2017 on Hole #13 from the Blue Tees, 170 yards with his 6 Iron.

Way to go, Tony!

Check out the drone video of Hole #13:

Thursday, August 24, 2017

GBCC Hosts Regional Golf Course Superintendents Association Event

This past Monday, Green Bay Country Club hosted the Annual Joint Meeting of the Wisconsin Golf Course Superintendents Association and Northern Great Lakes Golf Course Superintendents Association.

 The meeting had approximately 90 in attendance consisting of Wisconsin’s superintendents, assistants, researchers, and vendors. The agenda for the event consisted of education, followed by lunch; from there, everyone played the course and ended with dinner and awards.

 The feedback and reviews from the participants was nothing but positive about the food, service and course conditions.

Friday, August 18, 2017

Through the Gardener's Eye

By GBCC Gardener Mary Lemens

The gardens are in full bloom right now, so many of you have stopped to comment on how much you are enjoying them. Its always nice to hear! I also get many questions about certain flowers or issues members are having with plants at home. I enjoy those as well.

I look at the garden beds from several perspectives:
  • As a whole for color and composition
  • For the health of plants 
  • To see what needs weeding 
During my walks and while I'm working with the plants, my eye can be caught by small things, those little things that in our busy lives we miss. Yesterday I was doing my morning walk-through and saw the tiny drops of dew on the rose leave points. It was so beautiful and one of those things that is easily missed.

There are many things I wish I had pictures of that disappear before I can get my phone out like the herd of baby toads crossing the cart path behind nine this week. They just kept coming up the hill. There had to be a couple of dozen of them, so small, about the size of quarters.

 I also see unusual insects that land and take off to quickly or little animals looking for something to eat peeking out at me. I see a lot of baby birds looking for mama bringing their next meal .

I decided to make a collection of my pictures of the little things that are so amazing in the garden that can go unseen. There are so many surprises behind a flower or under the leaves, little treasures right in front of our eyes. I wanted to share a few of them with you. Gardener out.

Tuesday, August 15, 2017

PGA All Stars Advance to Wisconsin Final Four

The PGA Junior League All-Stars competed on Sunday, August 13 against Wausau and Appleton and won both matches to advance to the Final Four of the Wisconsin PGA Junior League Finals to be held at University Ridge GC on September 2nd. They will play the team from Janesville-Beloit to advance to the final match later that afternoon. Great playing Green Bay All-Stars!

Competing on the All-Star team from Green Bay Country Club are Grace Durkin, Max Reis, and Triston Behrend. 

Thursday, August 10, 2017

Garden to Table Initiative at Green Bay Country Club

By GBCC Sous Chef Joe Sonderegger

Assorted cherry tomatoes from the GBCC Gardens
As many of you may have noticed over the past two years, our garden has expanded. Our goal is to bring you more fresh and local products, so we figured why not right outside the doors of GBCC! We have been incorporating a large variety of herbs and vegetables from our very own gardens into our lunch and dinner menus. Each year the gardens will change slightly to bring new and improved flavors to the dishes we prepare each and every day for our members and guests.

Here is a list of what we currently have: 38 Tomato plants with 6 different varieties, Sweet Basil, Thai Basil, Purple Ruffle Basil, Chives, Garlic Chives, Oregano, Thyme, Rosemary, Parsley, Sage, Tarragon, Thai Chilis, Jalapenos, Swiss Chard, Kale, Beans, Peas, Mint, Cilantro and Edible Pansies.

You will find these ingredients in items such as; pesto, bruschetta, mojitos, caprese salads, sauces, vegetable sides, plate garnishes, soups and many other menu items; especially in our weekly features. We hope you have noticed the quality and freshness that our garden has provided this summer.

Stay tuned for details about our “Farm to Table” dinner in October!

Pesto! Our herb garden includes six different varieties of Basil as well as over 15 other herbs.

Tuesday, August 8, 2017

Green Bay PGA Junior League All-Stars Win!

Submitted by GBCC Director of Instruction, Lucas Hana

The Green Bay PGA Junior League All-Stars defeated the Sheboygan All-Stars 8-4 at Oneida Golf and Country Club on Monday, August 7th. The Green Bay All-Stars were lead by a dominating performance from Max Reis (GBCC) and Ryan Darling (Oneida) who went undefeated 3-0 in their matches.

Next up the Green Bay All-Stars play the Wausau All-Stars on Sunday, August 13th at Mascoutin in New Berlin. If they win both their matches on Sunday, they would play at University Ridge on September 2nd for the state finals.

 Team GBCC consists of MaxReis, Grace Durkin, and Triston Behrend along with 3 juniors from Oneida and 4 juniors from Thornberry Creek.

Monday, August 7, 2017

Eclavea Hits an Ace!

Anthony Eclavea had a Hole-In-One on Saturday, August 5th. Congratulations, Anthony!

 Hole #13
Blue Tees, 179 Yards
4 Hybrid

 His playing partner, Mehul Doshi, hit his ball within a foot of the hole just before Anthony hit his ace!

Check out the drone video of Hole 13:

Thursday, August 3, 2017

Completed and Upcoming Grounds Projects

By Golf Superintendent Ben Larsen

It has been a busy two months for our grounds crew! See below for some of our completed projects as well as the projects planned for the month ahead..
Landscaped Clubhouse Beds

Removed Yardage Plates
Added Aeration to #18 Pond
Added More Sprinkler Yardages
Additional completed projects include:

  • Aerified Fairways 
  • Planted Annuals  
  • Fertilized Rough 
  • Detailed Golf Course 
  • Sprayed Fescues 
  • Removed Brush 
  • #17 Ravine 
  • #16 Tee

Projects that we will be working on next month include:

  • Landscape Clubhouse Beds 
  • Add #17 Maintenance Cart Path 
  • Spray Phragmite & Re-seed 
  • Repair #3 Low Area adjacent to Creek 
  • Remove Brush

This Summer's Weather and the Impact on the Course

By Golf Superintendent Ben Larsen

For the first half of summer, the average low temperature for the months of June and July have been 57 and 60 degrees; while the average high temperatures have been 78 degrees and 82 degrees. Comparing this year’s temperature averages with the historical average, for the month of June and July, is 3 degrees warmer. However, the big difference between this year’s start of summer with the historical average is the amount of precipitation. This past June and July we totaled 10”, while the average total for June and July is 7.4”.

A view all too common this summer……rainy and cloudy.

Not only is the total accumulation higher but the frequency as well. In fact, 27 out of the 61 days we have received rain; that’s just below an average of receiving rain every other day. A couple of positive results from the amount and frequency of rain we have received this year. First, as of today, we have used approximately 55% less irrigation than a typical year. Secondly, since adding seed to the divot bottles, the divot recovery has been much more quick and successful. Pictured below is an example of how the frequent rains have help germinate and keep alive the seedlings in the middle of the divot, while the sides grow together.

 Frequent rains have help germinate and keep alive the seedlings in the middle of the divot,
while the sides grow together.

However, with the above average rain, temperatures and humidity, comes slower and less desirable playing conditions, mainly on the greens and fairways.  From a playability standpoint, rain will soften the playing surface and slow ball roll.  How the Grounds Department lessened the issue is this past June we aerified the fairways.  By introducing ½” holes into the ground, we were not only speeding up the drying process but also providing a void for the surface water to get underground quicker.  For greens, we have increased the frequency of sand topdressing and verticutting. 
Verticutting greens provides a more upright stand of turf

Topdressing greens will firm the surface 

The result, when both verticutting and topdressing greens are performed, is the turf stands more upright with a firmer surface. The more upright the turf, the less amount of turf friction you experience (less friction = more ball roll).

Tennis Tip: More Doubles Play Strategy

By GBCC Director of Tennis, Coach Rob LeBuhn

When executed correctly, the down-the-line shot in doubles is a great way to end the point. If your opponent leaves the alley open, taking the ball down the line is a quick and efficient way to end the rally. Some important tips to remember are staying low, using top spin, and reading the play. Staying low is imperative because you are hitting over the highest part of the net and you need to be able to lift the ball up when swinging through. Using top spin keeps the shot controlled and the ball in the court. Reading the play allows you to commit to your shot. If the opportunity is not there, do not feel compelled to take the down-the-line shot, but hitting it in the ally is a great way to mix up your shots and keep your opponent off balance.

Wednesday, August 2, 2017

Drive, Chip and Putt Results

On Monday, July 31st we hosted over 100 golfers ages 7 to 15 from all over Northeast Wisconsin and the UP for the Drive, Chip and Putt Qualifier! Three Green Bay Country Club golfers advanced to the next stage of the Drive, Chip and Putt Championship at University Ridge in Madison, which will take place this Saturday. 
  • Evelyn Cloud won the girls 10 to 11-year-old division 
  • Emma Santos and Faith Flynn finished first and second respectively in the girls 14 to 15-year-old division. 
Best of luck girls and a huge thank you to the volunteers that came out to be a part of  Drive, Chip and Putt at Green Bay Country Club!

Friday, July 28, 2017

Where Should the Bunker Rakes Be Placed?

By Golf Superintendent Ben Larsen

"Where should the bunker rakes be placed?"….is a common question among golfers. Although there is no Rule that specifies whether bunker rakes should be placed in or out of the bunkers, the USGA recommends that the rakes be left outside of the bunkers.

From a golfer’s perspective, the reason is there is less probability of an advantage or disadvantage to the player if the rakes are placed outside of the bunkers. It may be argued that there is more likelihood of a ball being deflected into or kept out of a bunker if the rake is placed outside the bunker.

 It could also be argued that if the rake is in the bunker it is most unlikely that the ball will be deflected out of the bunker. However, players who leave rakes in bunkers frequently leave them at the side which tends to stop a ball rolling into the flat part of the bunker, resulting in a much more difficult shot or rule violation (Rule 24-1 and Rule 20-3d). 

 For example, Rule 24-1 states if a ball comes to rest against a bunker rake (see below), the rake may be treated as a movable obstruction.

However, if the ball were to move after the removal of the rake, you must place the ball back in its original spot. If the ball is unable rest on its original spot you must then refer to Rule 20-3d.

Rule 20-3d comes into effect if the slope is too steep or the sand is too firm; resulting in the ball being unable to be put in its original spot (see below). In a hazard, the ball must be placed in the hazard at the nearest spot where it can be placed at rest that is not nearer the hole.

Nothing in the Rules of Golf allows a player to press the ball into the sand to make it stay in position; moreover, the final placement could result in an unplayable shot.

Since the player could not place the ball in conformity with the Rules, he would proceed under the stroke-and-distance option of the unplayable ball Rule-28a, drop the ball outside of the bunker, keeping the point where the ball lay between himself and the hole, under penalty of one stroke.

In the end, this scenario could be avoided by keeping the rakes out of the bunkers.

From a maintenance and aesthetics standpoint, the rakes out of the bunkers:

  • Give a highly maintained and up-scale look with a sense of prestige to the bunkers 
  • No additional labor on bunker and bunker-bank maintenance; since we rake bunkers more than mow the banks 
  • Easier for players to retrieve the rakes 
  • Less tracks in bunker to retrieve the rakes 
  • Less damage in bunker from rakes being thrown back inside after use